This research is based on a literature review and analysis of relevant policy documents and academic literature, taking some PPP case studies from Rwandas education sector, but efforts were also made to solicit the views of Rwandan officials who have been involved in development of PPP or other related polices since 1994. What systems, policies and other supportive ‘soft infrastructure are in place to ensure the country benefits from PPP? What consideration, if any, does the PPP policy in Rwanda give to community development? This study examines the Public-Private Partnership (PPP) and community development policies and practice in Rwanda. Given the practical difficulties of conducting research in Rwanda, correspondences with identified officials were by email and /or telephone.. What contribution could it make to community development? The main research questions are: What is the shape of PPP in Rwanda? What is the relationship between community development and economic growth?